The dangers of Crack Cocaine- Lessons from the Toronto Mayor Ford Scandak

Crack Cocaine Facts
Information about Crack Cocaine

By Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D.
Ads: Chemistry Crack Addiction Cocaine Addiction Facts About Drug Abuse Crack Cocaine Addicts
Crack is a freebase form of the drug cocaine.
Crack is a freebase form of the drug cocaine.

US Drug Enforcement Agency
More Images (2)
Free Job Posting
Reach 100 million job seekers! Try the #1 job site free.
1 Tip to Lose Belly Fat
Cut pounds of stomach fat every week by using this 1 weird old tip.
Tutoring Help
Get Help From Real People Over Live Video With Helpouts by Google.
See More About
drug facts
illegal drugs
What Is Crack Cocaine?
Crack or crack cocaine is a form of cocaine. It has not been neutralized by an acid to make cocaine hydrochloride, the pure form of the chemical. Crack comes in a rock crystal form that can be heated and inhaled or smoked. It is called ‘crack’ in reference to the cracking sound it makes when it is heated. Crack cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant.

What Does Crack Look Like?

Crack looks like irregularly-shaped off-white or white rocks.

How Is Crack Cocaine Used?

Crack cocaine is almost always smoked or freebased. Freebasing involves heating the crack until it liquefies and inhaling the vapors through a pipe. The vapors are absorbed by the lungs, producing an immediate euphoric high.

Why Do People Use Crack Cocaine?

Crack is a readily available form of cocaine. Cocaine is used because it produces euphoria, is a stimulant, suppresses appetite, and can be used as a pain reliever.

What Are the Effects of Crack Cocaine Use?

Users typically feel a ‘rush’ followed by a sense of alertness and well-being. Cocaine increases levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine, which is associated with pleasure and increased movement. The pleasant effects of crack wear off quickly (5-10 minutes), causing users to feel ‘down’ or depressed, more than before taking the drug. Some users report being unable to duplicate the intensity of the first exposure with subsequent use.

What Are the Risks of Using Crack?

Crack is highly addictive, possibly even more than other forms of cocaine. Crack users are at risk for the usual effects of cocaine (dangerously elevated blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature, risk of seizure and cardiac arrest) as well as respiratory disorders, such as coughing, bleeding, shortness of breath, and lung trauma. Crack use can cause paranoia and aggressiveness.

Where Does Crack Cocaine Come From?

Crack cocaine is made by dissolving powdered cocaine in a mixture of water and baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) or ammonia. This mixture is boiled, dried, and broken into rock-like chunks. The original cocaine comes from a paste made from the leaves of the South American coca plant.

Street Names for Crack Cocaine

Crunch & Munch
Devil Drug
Electric Kool-Aid
Fat Bags
French Fries
Hard Ball
Hard Rock
Ice Cube
Prime Time
Snow Coke
More Drug Info
Crystal Meth Facts
Anabolic Steroids
Drug Photo Gallery
New posts to the Chemistry forums:
ignition temperature
neon light question
A 5.0L propane (C3H8) tank at room tempe
Elsewhere on the Web
Crack Cocaine Fast Facts (DoJ)
Cocaine Fact Sheet (DEA)
Crack and Cocaine (NIDA)
Related Articles
Basic Facts about Cocaine
Cocaine Facts – Information about Powdered Cocaine
Cocaine Crack
Crack Cocaine – What Is Crack?
Cocaine – Frequently Asked Questions
Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D.
Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Chemistry
Sign up for My Newsletter
Headlines Forum
Opioid Dependence Doctors
Find a doctor who can prescribe a private, in-office treatment.
Heroin Addiction Help
Get help for heroin addiction by finding a treatment provider.
Withdrawal Home Remedies
You Can Overcome Withdrawal Symptom On Your Own. See How to Do It Here.

3 Herbs that Beat Anxiety
Doctors Reveal 1 Weird Compound to Calm Anxiety that May Surprise You
Premier Walk-In Bathtubs
Find Easy Walk in Bathtub From Premier Care. Get a Free Brochure!
Top Related Searches Effects Of Crack Cocaine Cocaine Hydrochloride Cocaine Cocaine Cocaine Increases Forms Of Cocaine Sodium Bicarbonate
Explore Chemistry
Must Reads
Periodic Table of the Elements
Chemistry Glossary
Worked Chemistry Problems
Chemical Structures
Science Fair Ideas
Most Popular
Printable Periodic Table of the Elements
Science Quiz – Test Your General Science…
What Is the Difference Between Baking Soda &…
How Do I Substitute Between Baking Powder and…
Crystal Meth Facts
See More About:
drug facts
illegal drugs
By Category
General Chemistry
Tests and Quizzes
Demos / Experiments
Grow Crystals
Chemistry for Kids
Periodic Table – Elements
Homework Help
Molecules and Compounds
Everyday Chemistry
Toxic Chemicals/Safety
Chemistry Lab
Science Fair Projects
Careers and Education
Chemistry Facts
Chemistry Disciplines
About.comEducationChemistryChemistry DisciplinesMedical ChemistryDrugsCrack Cocaine Facts – Information about Crack Cocaine

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s